In 2007, China tested its ability to destroy operational satellites by targeting a satellite that no longer exists with a ground rocket (Kaufman-Linzer, Reference Kaufman and Linzer 2007). It was the worst debris production event recorded to date, creating about 35,000 pieces over one centimetre (Keslo, Keslo2007 reference). This meant a 20 per cent increase in orbiting objects, with a 37 per cent increase in planned collisions (Keslo, Keslo2007 reference). An increasing collision rate is characteristic of “Kessler Syndrome,” named after a NASA scientist who warned in 1978 that once a certain amount of debris is in orbit, collisions of debris and satellite debris will result in a continuous increase in the collision rate (Kessler – Court-Palais, Reference Kessler and Court-Palais1978). This is because each fragmentation of a space object increases the surface area of the material, increasing the likelihood of an additional collision. Space debris thus threatens the global economy, which is increasingly dependent on satellites, as well as humanity`s long-term access to space and other celestial bodies (Garcia2013). The first attempt to add details to the ban was unsuccessful when the 1979 lunar agreement received only 18 ratifications, none of which came from states with space launch capabilities (Lefeber, Lefeber2016 reference). But while the agreement controversially stated that the Moon and its natural resources were the “common heritage of humanity,” he also said it was the first time Britain had laid charges about Russian test firing in space. They come just days after an investigation revealed that the British government had “misjudged” the Russian threat. The space contract was reviewed in 1966 by the Legal Subcommittee [clarify].
Later that year, an agreement was reached in the UN General Assembly. The treaty contained the following principles: China wants to become a space power by 2030, the third place only for the United States and Russia. To this end, Beijing last month completed its own version of the GPS system called Beidou. Experts say it will be difficult to forge international standards as long as Washington participates in military expansionism in space.