The two sides expressed satisfaction that Nepal-China relations have withstood changes in the international situation since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 1955 and have developed in a coherent, regular and healthy manner, which is a model of peaceful coexistence between the two countries of different sizes. The two sides recognized that bilateral relations between the two countries are marked by equality, harmonious coexistence, enduring friendship and comprehensive cooperation. The “Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Treaty” could open the door for China to intervene on issues relating to Tibetans living in Nepal, increasing vulnerability and risk, especially for Tibetans who express their political views or cultural identity. Given China`s influence over less developed Nepal and the apparent power imbalance between the two countries, there are concerns that Nepal will disregard the legal protection of Tibetans as it responds to Chinese demands under the treaty. Economic cooperation between Nepal and China dates back to the formalization of bilateral relations in the 1950s. The first “China-Nepal Economic Aid Agreement” was signed in October 1956. Since the mid-80s, the Chinese government has provided grants to the Nepalese government under the Economic and Technical Cooperation Program to implement mutually acceptable development projects. By signing the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation under the Silk Road Initiative, on 12 May 27, 2017, in Kathmandu, between Nepal and China, new paths should open up for bilateral cooperation in mutually agreed areas. The main focus of the MoU is the promotion of mutually beneficial cooperation between Nepal and China in different fields such as economy, environment, technology and culture. The project aims to promote cooperation in the areas of policy exchanges, infrastructure connectivity, trade connectivity, financial integration and people connectivity. 11. Declaration of Intent between the Ministry of Home Affairs of Nepal and the Ministry of Emergency Management of the People`s Republic of China on Cooperation in Disaster Prevention and Emergency The two countries have a long tradition of regular exchange of high-level visits that have contributed to the strengthening and consolidation of bilateral relations.
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